Ramadan starts today and Muslims across the world will show their devotion to the Islamic faith by fasting and praying at specific times every day for a 30-day period.
After this month of religious worship and sacrifice, Muslims will celebrate Eid al-Fitr, a celebration marking the end of Ramadan on the first sighting on a new moon.
Google has also announced the roll out of their interactive calligraphy application called Qalam to help create 3D Ramadan messages and an augmented reality tool, the Qibla Finder, which helps Muslims locate where Mecca is before prayer.
Here’s everything you need to know about Ramadan, when does Ramadan end and what is Eid al-Fitr?
What is Ramadan?
The month of Ramadan is observed in order to commemorate when Allah gave the first chapters of the holy book Quran to the prophet Muhammad.
Ramadan is also recognised as one of the Five Pillars of Islam, alongside faith, prayer, charity and making the pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca.
It is marked during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, based on the moon and Ramadan will usually begin when the crescent mo
Muslims will pray at allotted times throughout the day, fast after sunrise and before sunset and families may come together for celebratory dinners referred to as Suhoor and Iftar.
They are also forbidden from sexual relations, false speech or fighting, save for self defence and those who are pregnant, menstruating, breastfeeding, diabetic or old are exempt from fasting.
When does Ramadan end?
With Ramadan starting on Tuesday, May 15, 2018, the 30-day period will come to an end on Thursday, June 14, 2018.
The date of Ramadan changes every year because it is based on the lunar calendar and because there are fewer months in this calendar, Eid al-Fitr takes place at different times each year.
What is Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan and the first sighting of a new moon and in 2018, it will be celebrated on June 14, 2018.
Traditionally, it is observed over three days and is an official holiday in a number of Muslim-majority countries and Muslims will gather in a mosque for prayers before visiting family and friends to wish them Eid Mubarak.